Topographic Stress in Coastal Circulation Dynamics

  • Greg Holloway
  • Ken Brink
  • Dale Haidvogel
Part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies book series (COASTAL, volume 34)


The interaction of nonlinear shelf waves or eddies with longshore variation of topography is addressed. The dynamics are subtle and, perhaps for this reason, have been largely overlooked. Our own results are preliminary; but they point toward an unexpectedly strong influence such that, in many coastal environments, topographic stress may overwhelm other forces. The topographic stress acts to drive undercurrents in the sense of intrinsic shelf wave propagation, hence poleward on eastern boundaries. Potentially, a very important consideration is that a secondary circulation associated with this stress has the sense of upwelling on all boundaries in either hemisphere.


Wind Stress Rossby Wave Eastern Boundary Form Drag Eddy Energy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greg Holloway
    • 1
  • Ken Brink
    • 2
  • Dale Haidvogel
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Ocean SciencesSidneyCanada
  2. 2.Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA
  3. 3.Chesapeake Bay InstituteJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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