Congenital Deficiency of the Fibula

  • Ali Kalamchi

Abstract

Congenital deficiency of the fibula and associate anomalies of the lower limb represent a well-recognized clinical entity. The orthopedic literature has numerous reports describing mostly the severe forms, as fibula hemimelia.4–6,9,13 Classification and treatment in the past were largely confined to the severe forms of the fibular deficiency.4,10,16 Recent reports have outlined a clinical spectrum ranging from partial deficiency to complete absence.1,3,8,12

Keywords

Syndactyly Laurin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Kalamchi

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