Cobalt in the Environment and Its Toxicological Implications

  • Jose L. Domingo
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 108)


Cobalt, atomic number 27, takes its name either from the German Kobold, meaning hobglobin, house spirit, or gnome or from the Greek cobalos, meaning mine (Schroeder 1967). It is widely distributed naturally in rocks, soils, water, and vegetation (Nilsson et al. 1985), and always occurs in nature in association with nickel and usually with arsenic. The most important cobalt minerals are smaltite (CoAs2) and cobaltite (CoAsS); however, the chief technical sources of cobalt are residues called “speisses,” which are obtained in the smelting of arsenical ores of nickel, copper, and lead (Cotton and Wilkinson 1968).


Heme Oxygenase Cobalt Chloride Positive Patch Test Cobalt Compound Cobalt Sulfate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jose L. Domingo
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Toxicology and Biochemistry, School of MedicineUniversity of BarcelonaReusSpain

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