Neural Tube Defects: Prenatal Diagnosis and Genetic Counseling

  • Giovanni Neri
Part of the Principles of Pediatric Neurosurgery book series (PRINCPEDIATR)

Abstract

The practice of genetic counseling for neural tube defects (NTD) has changed substantially over the past 15 years with the advent of three major developments, i.e., second-trimester prenatal diagnosis, mass screening of pregnant women for elevated serum α-fetoprotein levels, and vitamin supplementation around the time of conception. On the other hand, the principles on which recurrence risk estimates are based have changed little, the multifactorial model of inheritance being the one that still fits best the epidemiologic data.

Keywords

Placebo Electrophoresis Folic Acid Polyacrylamide Neurol 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Neri

There are no affiliations available

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