Advertisement

Interpersonal Change Processes in Therapeutic Interactions

  • Stanley R. Strong

Abstract

Therapeutic interactions are conversations between people. Conversing with another is a common human experience but is a highly complex behavioral process. Conversations are sequential exchanges of contingent responses. Each response of one participant is a complex function of the other participant’s previous response and of the first participant’s (a) assessment of the relevant characteristics of the other person, (b) objectives in the conversation, and (c) behavioral skills.

Keywords

College Woman Counseling Psychology Interpersonal Behavior Cooperative Task Attributional Bias 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beck, J.T., & Strong, S.R. (1982). Stimulating therapeutic change with interpretations: A comparison of positive and negative connotation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 29, 551–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carson, R.C. (1969). Interaction concepts of personality. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
  3. Cartwright, D.A. (1965). Influence, leadership, control. In J.G. March (Ed.), Handbook of organizations (pp. 1–47 ). Chicago: Rand-McNally.Google Scholar
  4. Crowder, J.E. (1972). Relationship between therapist and client interpersonal behaviors and psychotherapy outcome. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 19, 68–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cutler, R.L. (1958). Countertransference effects in psychotherapy. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 22, 349–356.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Feldman, D.A., Strong, S.R., & Danser, D.B. (1982). A comparison of paradoxical and nonparadoxical interpretations and directives. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 29, 572–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. French, J.R., & Raven, B. (1959). The basis of social power. In D. Cartwright (Ed.), Studies in social power (pp. 150–167 ). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  8. Friedlander, M.L., & Schwartz, G.S. (1985). Towards a theory of strategic self-presen- tation in counseling and psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 32, 483–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Haley, J. (1973). Uncommon therapy. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  10. Jones, E.E., & Davis, K.E. (1965). From acts to dispositions: The attribution process in person perception. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 220–266 ). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  11. Jones, E.E., & Pittman, T.S. (1982). Towards a general theory of strategic self-presentation. In J. Suls (Ed.), Psychological perspectives on the self (Vol. 1, pp. 231–262 ). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  12. Kelley, H.H. (1967). Attribution theory in social psychology. In D. Levine (Ed.), Nebraska symposium on motivation (pp. 192–238 ). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
  13. Kiesler, D.J. (1983). The 1982 interpersonal circle: A taxonomy for complementarity in human transactions. Psychological Review, 90, 185–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Leary, T. (1957). Interpersonal diagnosis of personality. New York: Roland.Google Scholar
  15. Mueller, W.J. (1969). Patterns of behavior and their reciprocal impact in the family and in psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling Psychology Monographs, 16 (No. 2, Part 2).Google Scholar
  16. Orvis, B.R., Kelley, H.H., & Butler, D. (1976). Attributional conflict in young couples. In J.H. Harvey, W.J. Ickes, & R.J. Kidd (Eds.), New directions in attribution research (Vol. 1, pp. 353–386 ). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  17. Palazzoli, M.S., Boscolo, L., Cecchin, G., & Prata, G. (1978). Paradox and counterparadox. New York: Jason Aronson.Google Scholar
  18. Raush, H.L., Dittman, A.T., & Taylor, T.J. (1959). The interpersonal behavior of children in residential treatment. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 9–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Raush, H.L., Farbman, L., & Llewellyn, L.G. (1960). Person, setting and change in social interaction. II. A normal-control study. Human Relations, 13, 305–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rogers, C.R. (1957). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 21, 95–103.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Strong, S.R. (1984). Experimental studies in explicitly paradoxical interventions: Results and implications. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 15, 189–194.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Strong, S.R. (1986). Interpersonal influence theory and therapeutic interactions. In F.J. Dorn (Ed.), Social influence processes in counseling and psychotherapy. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.Google Scholar
  23. Strong, S.R., & DeVries, H. (1986). Interpersonal effects of critical and docile self-presentations. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.Google Scholar
  24. Strong, S.R., & Hills, H.I. (1986). Interpersonal Communication Rating Scale. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.Google Scholar
  25. Strong, S.R., Hills, H.I., & Lanier, K. (1985). Interpersonal effects of self-enhancing and self-effacing self-presentations. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.Google Scholar
  26. Strong, S.R., Wambach, C.A., Lopez, F.G., & Cooper, R.K. (1979). Motivational and equipping functions of interpretation in counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 26, 98–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Swensen, C.H. (1967). Psychotherapy as a special case of dyadic interaction: Some suggestions for theory and research. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 4, 7–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tedeschi, J.T. (Ed.) (1981). Impression management theory and social psychological research. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  29. Von Bertalanffy, L. (1968). General systems theory: Foundations, development, applications. New York: G. Breather.Google Scholar
  30. Watzlawick, P., Beavin, J., & Jackson, D. (1967). Pragmatics of human communication. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  31. Wiggins, J.S. (1979). A psychological taxonomy of trait-descriptive terms: The interpersonal domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 395–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanley R. Strong

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations