Two-Dimensional Echocardiographic Demonstration of Both Coronary Arteries in Bland-White-Garland Syndrome

  • J. R. Pfefferkorn
  • F. Hilgenberg
Conference paper


In patients with Bland-White-Garland syndrome, the left coronary artery originates from the pulmonary artery instead of the aorta. Without surgical treatment, most patients die in their first year of life. The sooner that surgery is performed, the better are the chances for recovery. Until recently, cardiac catheterization and angiography were necessary to establish the diagnosis.


Coronary Artery Pulmonary Artery Cardiac Catheterization Aortic Root Left Coronary Artery 
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  1. 1.
    Fisher EA, Sepehri B, Lendrum B, Luken J, Levitsky S: Two-dimensional echocardiographic visualization of the left coronary artery in anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Circulation 63:698–704, 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Terai M, Nagai Y, Toba T: Cross-sectional echocardiographic findings of anomalous origin of left coronary artery from pulmonary artery. Br Heart J 50:104–105, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Pfefferkorn
  • F. Hilgenberg

There are no affiliations available

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