Mediterranean Foraminiferal Changes as Related to Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology

  • Germaine Bizon


The modern distribution of planktonic and benthic foraminifera in a semienclosed sea such as the present-day Mediterranean is closely related to water mass movement, nutrients, and oxygen supply. Temperature and salinity play a secondary role. Diversification of the assemblages differs from west to east depending on basin conditions and sill depths. The stratigraphic record indicates that both long- and short-term fluctuations affected benthic and planktonic life of the Mediterranean from the early Miocene to the Recent.


Late Miocene Middle Miocene Benthic Foraminifera Planktonic Foraminifera Foraminiferal Assemblage 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Germaine Bizon
    • 1
  1. 1.BEICIPInstitut Français du PétroleRueil-MalmaisonFrance

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