Malformations and Anomalies of the Eye

  • D. J. Apple
  • G. O. H. Naumann


Many of the malformations of the eye can be classified as to their time of onset in relation to distinct time periods during gestation* (Fig. 3–1). Certain noxious agents, e.g., x-rays, pharmacologic agents, or chromosomal defects, have their greatest effects at certain times or are correlated with anomalies in development of various parts of the eye which normally occur during certain time periods. In this chapter we describe several congenital malformations which affect the eye as a whole. Malformations affecting the various anatomic substructures of the eye are further discussed in the appropriate chapters.


Optic Disc Optic Nerve Head High Myopia Ocular Pathology Optic Vesicle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. Apple
  • G. O. H. Naumann

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