Global Surface Temperature Changes Since the 1850s

  • P. D. Jones
Part of the The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications book series (IMA, volume 79)


Temperature data from land and marine areas form the basis for many studies of climatic variations on local, regional and hemispheric scales, and the global mean temperature is a fundamental measure of the state of the climate system. In this paper it is shown that the surface temperature of the globe has warmed by about 0.5°C since the mid-nineteenth century. This is an important part of the evidence in the ‘global warming’ debate (Folland et al., 1990, 1992). How certain are we about the magnitude of the warming? Where has it been greatest? In this paper, these and related issues will be addressed.


Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere Temperature Anomaly Southern Oscillation Index Marine Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. D. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Climatic Research UnitUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK

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