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Marine Debris pp 293-305 | Cite as

Legal Regulation of Upland Discharges of Marine Debris: From Local to Global Controls and Back

  • André Nollkaemper
Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)

Abstract

Although land-based discharges account for much of the problem of marine debris, na-tional and local regulation of such discharges has been utterly inadequate. In marked distinction to the regime for control of sea-based pollution, international rules to induce appropriate national and local policies on upland discharges have been largely ignored. For most regions no such rules have been developed. Regional rules that do exist (mainly for the Northeast Atlantic, the Mediterranean Sea, the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Southeast Pacific, and the Arctic) rarely have addressed the specific problems of marine debris and, to the extent they have, have focused on symptoms (waste disposal) rather than on causes (waste generation).

Keywords

Solid Waste Waste Disposal Marine Pollution Coastal Zone Management Source Reduction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • André Nollkaemper

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