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MacMath 9.2 pp 67-75 | Cite as

DiffEq, 3D Views

  • John H. Hubbard
  • Beverly H. West

Abstract

This program draws three-dimensional graphs and relevant planar graphs for either of the following:
  • An autonomous system of differential equations of the form
    $$ \frac{{dx}} {{dt}} = f(x,y,z),{\text{ }}\frac{{dy}} {{dt}} = g(x,y,z),{\text{ }}and{\text{ }}\frac{{dz}} {{dt}} = h(x,y,z). $$
    In this case the trajectories are drawn in xyz-space and the planar views are xy, xz, yz. The program also locates and analyzes singularities in xyz-space. (Three more planar views: xt, yt, and zt are not visible on the screen, but you can ask for the printouts to show them.)
  • A nonautonomous system of differential equations of the form
    $$ \frac{{dx}} {{dt}} = f(t,x,y),{\text{ and }}\frac{{dy}} {{dt}} = g(t,x,y). $$
    Here the trajectories are drawn in txy-space and the planar views are xy, tx, ty. In this case the program does not locate and analyze singularities since it is setting z = t (hence dz/dt = 1 and there can be no 3D singularities). However it allows you the choice of investigating Poincaré sections provided the nonautonomous 2D differential equations are periodic in t. This will be explained at the end of this section.

Keywords

Planar View Nonautonomous System Poincare Section Information Window Numerical Listing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Hubbard
    • 1
  • Beverly H. West
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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