Peritonitis was an uncommon presentation of tuberculosis in the past, occurring in less than 0.5% of patients admitted to U.S. tuberculosis hospitals (1). Nevertheless, half a dozen studies of tuberculous peritonitis were published between 1960 and 1968, often inspired by the difficulties encountered in the clinical recognition of this infrequent disorder. Since 1968 the few reports that have appeared in North American journals have dealt principally with patients studied in earlier decades (2–4) or in foreign countries (5,6), but sporadic cases continue to occur (7). It is evident that tuberculous peritonitis is now a rarity in North America, and if unfamiliarity with its symptoms and signs was a major factor in delayed diagnosis in the past, it may be anticipated that the problem will not diminish in the future.
KeywordsAscitic Fluid Adenosine Deaminase Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Percutaneous Needle Biopsy Abdominal Tuberculosis
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