Energy Relationships of Marine Production

  • R. V. Tait


Living organisms, unlike machines, cease to exist once they stop working. All biological activity depends upon continual transfers and transformations of energy, without which any natural living system almost immediately disintegrates irreversibly. In this concluding chapter we will draw together some of the information from preceding pages in an elementary consideration of certain energy relationships of marine life, with particular reference to shelf seas around the major continental land masses.


Gross Primary Production Tertiary Production Standing Stock Benthic Fauna Demersal Fish 
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References and Further Reading


  1. 1.
    Odum, E. P. (1959). Fundamentals of Ecology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia; W. B. SaundersGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Odum, E. P. (1963). Ecology. New York; Holt, Rinehart and WinstonGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Phillipson, J. (1966). Ecological Energetics. London; ArnoldGoogle Scholar


  1. 4.
    Harvey, H. W. (1950). `On the Production of Living Matter in the Sea off Plymouth.’ J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 29, 97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 5.
    Corner, E. D. S., Cowey, C. B. and Marshall, S. M. (1967). `On the Nutrition and Metabolism of Zooplankton. V. Feeding Efficiency of Calanus finmarchicus.’ J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 47, 259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 6.
    Corner, E. D. S. and Cowey, C. B. (1968). `Biochemical Studies on the Production of Marine Zooplankton.’ Biol. Rev. 43, 393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 7.
    Mann, K. H. (1969). `The Dynamics of Aquatic Ecosystems.’ Adv. Ecol. Res. 6, 1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 8.
    Reeve, M. R. (1969). `Growth, Metamorphosis and Energy Conversion in the Larvae of the Prawn, Palaemon serratus.’ J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 49, 77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 9.
    Zhukova, A. I. (1963). `On the Quantitative Significance of Microorganisms in Nutrition of Aquatic Invertebrates.’ Symposium on Marine Microbiology. Ed. Oppenheimer, C. H., p. 699. Springfield, Illinois, U.S.A.; C. C. ThomasGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© R. V. Tait 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. V. Tait
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Life SciencesThe Polytechnic of Central LondonUK

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