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Pericardium

  • Philip Thorek
Chapter
  • 359 Downloads

Abstract

The pericardium is a fibroserous sac which is located in the middle mediastinum and encloses the heart and the roots of the great vessels. It has the appearance of a truncated cone with its base resting on and fused with the central portion of the diaphragm. Its blunt apex reaches the level of the second costal cartilage (Figs. 249 and 250). The outline of the pericardium corresponds to that of the heart except that it reaches the 2nd costal cartilage on both sides, whereas the heart extends only to the 3rd cartilage on the right.

Keywords

Costal Cartilage Visceral Layer Pericardial Cavity Parietal Layer Middle Mediastinum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Thorek
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Thorek Hospital and Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Cook County Graduate School of MedicineUSA
  3. 3.University of Illinois College of MedicineUSA
  4. 4.American College of Chest PhysiciansUSA

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