• Philip Thorek


The pericardium is a fibroserous sac which is located in the middle mediastinum and encloses the heart and the roots of the great vessels. It has the appearance of a truncated cone with its base resting on and fused with the central portion of the diaphragm. Its blunt apex reaches the level of the second costal cartilage (Figs. 249 and 250). The outline of the pericardium corresponds to that of the heart except that it reaches the 2nd costal cartilage on both sides, whereas the heart extends only to the 3rd cartilage on the right.


Costal Cartilage Visceral Layer Pericardial Cavity Parietal Layer Middle Mediastinum 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Thorek
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Thorek Hospital and Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Cook County Graduate School of MedicineUSA
  3. 3.University of Illinois College of MedicineUSA
  4. 4.American College of Chest PhysiciansUSA

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