The scalp is made up of the soft parts which cover the skull from one temporal line to the other and from the eyebrows in front to the superior nuchal lines behind. The layers of the scalp move as a unit with the contractions of the muscles. It is of particular interest to the surgeon because injuries and infections in this region may involve the skull, the sinuses, the meninges or the brain, and superficial cysts and vascular tumors may be found between its layers. It consists of 5 layers. If one spells the word “SCALP,” these layers can be remembered (Fig. 1):
KeywordsSuperficial Temporal Artery Zygomatic Arch Loose Connective Tissue Dense Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Layer
Connective tissue (dense)
Epicranial aponeurosis (occipitofrontalis)
Loose connective tissue
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