Infertility pp 143-160 | Cite as

Uterine Function and Abnormalities Causing Infertility

  • G. William Bates
  • Winfred L. Wiser
Part of the Clinical Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology book series (CPOG)


The uterus fulfills a number of roles in reproduction. At the cervix, the uterus traps seminal fluid in the cervical secreations where spermatozoa are either stored in crypts for later use or immediately swim cephalad into the fallopian tubes. With ejaculation of semen into the posterior fornix of the vagina, the uterus begins a series of rhythmic contractions that aid the transport of spermatozoa to the fallopian tubes. This process is mediated by prostaglandins contained within the seminal fluid (1) and sperm can be found in the human fallopian tubes as early as 5 minutes after insemination (2).


Obstet Gynecol Fallopian Tube Uterine Cavity Endometrial Cavity Wolffian Duct 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. William Bates
  • Winfred L. Wiser

There are no affiliations available

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