Dynamic Characteristics of Voice Fundamental Frequency in Speech and Singing

  • Hiroya Fujisaki


In many of the Indo-European languages (Öhman, 1967; Isačenko & Schädlich, 1966;’t Hart, 1966; Maeda, 1974; Vaissière-Maeda, 1980) as well as in the Japanese language (Fujisaki & Nagashima, 1969), the contour of the voice fundamental frequency (henceforth F 0 contour) plays an important role in transmitting not only linguistic information but also nonlinguistic information such as naturalness, emotion, and speaker idiosyncrasy. Because of difficulties in accurate analysis and in quantitative description, the relationships between the linguistic-nonlinguistic information and the F 0 -contour characteristics have not been fully clarified. The elucidation of these relationships requires, first, the selection of characteristic parameters that are capable of describing the essential features of an F 0 contour, and second, a method for extracting these parameters from an observed F 0 contour. In other words, an analytical formulation (i.e., a model) of the control process of voice fundamental frequency is indispensable for the quantitative analysis and linguistic interpretation of F 0 -contour characteristics.


Fundamental Frequency Pitch Control Baseline Component Downward Transition Vocalis Muscle 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1983

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  • Hiroya Fujisaki

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