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Sex Discrimination in Group Pensions

  • John D. Blum
Part of the Industry and Health Care book series (SSIND, volume 8)

Abstract

Recent judicial and regulatory developments have made it very clear that sex status alone cannot serve as a basis for treating women workers differently from their male counterparts. While rigid enforcement of sex discrimination laws on an individual basis is required, employers are often confused about whether civil rights laws allow them to make any distinctions between men and women on a group basis. A case in point concerns the ability of employers to differentiate between males and females in planning and administering employee pension retirement plans. This is an issue because, statistically, women as a group outlive men. The legal issue the mortality differential raises is whether an employer who treats women workers differently from their male counterparts for retirement plan purposes is guilty of sex discrimination. It is the purpose of this chapter to explore the legality of sex differentials in retirement plans as a vehicle for illustrating broader issues of workplace sex discrimination.*

Keywords

Pension Plan Group Pension Pension Benefit Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Retirement Plan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Bibliography

  1. Hankley, Thomas. “Title VII Employee Retirement Plans: Unequal Contribution Requirements as Constituting Unlawful Discrimination on the Basis of Sex.” 11 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 223, 1977.Google Scholar
  2. Hodges, Leo. “Do Equal Rights Mean Equal Contributions.” Pension World 18 (Nov. 1978).Google Scholar
  3. Huebner, S., and Black, K. Life Insurance, 5th ed. ( Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1958 ).Google Scholar
  4. Kaltenborn, Sara. The Pension Game: The American Pension System from the Viewpoint of the Average Woman, Report of the Task Force on Sex Discrimination. Civil Rights Division, U.S. Dept. of Justice, 1978.Google Scholar
  5. Lavitzenheiser, Barbara. “Sex and Single Table: Equal Monthly Retirement Income for the Sexes?” Employee Benefits Journal 2 (Fall 1976 ).Google Scholar
  6. Note, “Sex Discrimination and Sex-Based Mortality Tables.” 53 Boston University Law Review 624, 1973.Google Scholar
  7. Smith, Dianne. “Equal Protection, Title VII, and Sex-Based Mortality Tables.” 13 Tulsa Law Journal 338, 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • John D. Blum

There are no affiliations available

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