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Surface Characterization by Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA)

  • Shirley H. Hercules
  • David M. Hercules

Abstract

Among the many new instrumental techniques to be added to the chemist’s arsenal, electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA) is one of the most ideally suited to the examination of surfaces. It is sensitive and quantitative, and signals can be obtained from nearly every element.

Keywords

Binding Energy Electron Spectroscopy Surface Characterization Molybdenum Oxide Exciting Radiation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shirley H. Hercules
    • 1
  • David M. Hercules
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of GeorgiaAthensGreece

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