The Effects of Nutrition on Lipid Metabolism
Nutritional factors have important effects upon lipid metabolism in man and indeed play the dominant role in the pathogenesis of the hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis so commonly found in populations of the Western World. Many past investigations have documented that certain dietary substances have decisive effects upon the serum lipid concentrations and the sterol balance of the body. These dietary factors are sterols, fats and total calories. This review will focus upon a discussion of their roles. Other substances whose effects are to date less well defined but which may have some influence especially in certain individuals, include carbohydrates, fiber and alcohol. Proteins, minerals and vitamins have little or no effect upon lipid metabolism in amounts and kinds typically consumed by the American population.
KeywordsBile Acid Serum Cholesterol Level Dietary Cholesterol Plant Sterol Serum Lipid Concentration
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