Observation of the Raman Effect from Small, Single Particles: Its Use in the Chemical Identification of Airborne Particulates

  • Edgar S. Etz
  • Gregory J. Rosasco
  • John J. Blaha
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 13)

Abstract

A Raman microprobe developed at the NBS is used to observe the normal Raman effect from single microparticles of size 1 [m and larger. The resulting spectra of the Raman-scattered light are characteristic of molecular and crystal vibrations in the solid and are the basis for the qualitative identification of major molecular constituents. Particles composed of a broad range of compounds exhibit vibrational Raman spectra and thus can be identified spectroscopically by comparison with spectra obtained from known particles or by reference to Raman data available for bulk samples. The application of Raman spectroscopy to the analysis of small, single particles thereby offers the opportunity for the determination of the chemical states of major elements. This capability for the speciation of principal molecular components is not available from other microprobe techniques which furnish elemental composition data only.

Keywords

Combustion Silicate Hydrocarbon Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Smoke 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edgar S. Etz
    • 1
  • Gregory J. Rosasco
    • 1
  • John J. Blaha
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Materials ResearchNational Burea of StandardsUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA

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