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The Organization of Central Catecholamine Neuron Systems

Chapter

Abstract

In the late 1900’s, three phenomena gave great impetus to the study of the morphology of the nervous system: first, the evolution of the neuron doctrine; second, the development of powerful techniques for the analysis of neural structure; third, the prominence of the concept of localization of function. A natural consequence of the development of the neuron doctrine was the concept of the synapse, which, in turn, required that some mechanism be established by which information is transmitted from one nerve cell to another or from a nerve cell to an effector cell. The history of the development of the concept of chemical transmission at the synapse is too well known to be recounted here. Of particular importance for this review was the establishment of noradrenaline as the sympathetic neurotransmitter by von Euler (1946). This was followed by the landmark work of Vogt (1954) demonstrating that noradrenaline and adrenaline are present in brain with a distinct regional distribution that is independent of the sympathetic innervation of the CNS. Numerous subsequent studies have refined these observations, but it was not until the development of a specific and sensitive histochemical method for the intracellular demonstration of catecholamines (Falck et al, 1962; Falck, 1962; Carlsson et al, 1962; for a review, cf. Corrodi and Jonsson, 1967) that a precise analysis of central catecholarnine (CA) neuron systems could be carried out.

Keywords

Ventral Tegmental Area Locus Coeruleus Dopamine Neuron Neuron System Median Eminence 
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© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosciencesUniversity of California at San DiegoLa JollaUSA

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