Peritoneal Dialysis in Children

  • H. Jorge Baluarte
  • Michael B. Grossman
  • Martin S. Polinsky
  • Abdelaziz Y. Elzouki
  • James W. Prebis
  • Alan B. Gruskin
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Nephrology book series (DINE, volume 7)

Abstract

Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis have been successfully used in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (1,2,3,4). While neither form of dialysis is optimal (5), intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD) has been shown to be as effective as hemodialysis and offers certain medical and psychosocial advantages. Although simplicity has been the hallmark of peritoneal dialysis since its inception (6,7), the successful employment of arteriovenous shunts followed by the perfection in dialysis techniques and the proliferation of treatment facilities relegated peritoneal dialysis to a secondary role. These developments created a gap in the clinical application and technology between the two treatment modalities.

Keywords

Catheter Phosphorus Osteoporosis Creatinine Transportation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Potter, D., Larsen, D., Leumann, E., Perin, D., Simmons, J., Piel, C.F., and Holliday, M.A.: Treatment of chronic uremia in childhood. II. Hemodialysis. Pediatr., 46: 678, 1970.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jones, J.M.B., Cameron, J.S., Berwick, M., Ogg, C.S., Meadow, S.R. and Ellis, F.G.: Treatment of terminal renal failure in children by home dialysis and transplantation. Arch. Dis. Child. 46: 457, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Counts, S.f Hickman, R., Garbaccio, A. and Tenckhoff, H.: Chronic heme peritoneal dialysis in children. Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Intern. Organs 19: 157, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brouhard, B.H., Berger, M., Cunningham, R.J., Petrusick, T., Allen, W., Lynch, R. E. and Travis, L.B.: Home peritoneal dialysis in children. Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Intern. Organs 25: 90, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khan, A.V., Herndon, C.H. and Ahmadian, S.Y.: Social and emotional adaptations of children with transplanted kidneys and chronic hemodialysis. Am. J. Psych. 128: 1194, 1971.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tenckhoff, H.: Peritoneal dialysis today: a new look. Nephron. 12: 420, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boen, S.T.: Overview and history of peritoneal dialysis. Dialysis & Transplantation 6 (2): 12, February, 1977.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tenckhoff, H. and Schaechter, H.: A bacteriologically safe peritoneal access device. Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Internal Organs 14: 181, 1960.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lasker, N.: Chronic peritoneal dialysis. Pa. Med. 74: 67, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Grossman, M.B.: Comprehensive follow–up, an essential ingredient to a home training program. Presented at the Realities of Nephrology Patient Care in the New Decade. 11th National AANNT Symposium. New Orleans, April 15–17, 1980.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Grossman, M.B.: Self-Care for children and adolescents on dialysis. Presented at the Realities of Nephrology Patient Care in the New Decade. 11th National AANNT Symposium, New Orleans, April 15–17, 1980.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Diaz-Buxo, J.A., Chandler, J.T., Farmer, C.D. and Smith, D.L.: Chronic peritoneal dialysis at hone — a comparison with hemodialysis. Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Internal Organs 23: 191, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Christopher R. Blagg: Peritoneal dialysis and the Medicare ESRD Program. Dialysis & Transplantation, Vol. 8, Number 11, November, 1979.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tanner, J.M., Whitehouse, R.H., Takaishi, M.: Standards fran birth to maturity for height, weight, height velocity and weight velocity; British Children, 1965, Arch. Dis. Child. 51:454–471; 613–635, 1966.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Scarpioni, L., Poisetti, P.G., Ballocchi, S., Bergonzi, G.: Follcw–up of plasna proteins during long-term peritoneal dialysis. Effect of protein loss (Abst.). The first International Symposium on Peritoneal Dialysis, June 25–08, 1978, Chapala, Mexico. Journal of Dialysis 2C55), 421–455, 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Jorge Baluarte
  • Michael B. Grossman
  • Martin S. Polinsky
  • Abdelaziz Y. Elzouki
  • James W. Prebis
  • Alan B. Gruskin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations