Search for Common Ground
The tasks I plan to undertake in this chapter include: (a) an attempt to identify certain themes from the Indian and Western traditions of thought, which, as aspects of dominant world views adopted by peoples of these traditions, seem to have influenced their psychological theories; and (b) to explore the extent to which such themes may have influenced particular aspects of psychological theories in the two traditions. As noted in the previous chapter, these tasks correspond to the two steps suggested by Mannheim for sociohistorical analysis of knowledge in any field. Such attempts to relate psychological theories to their cultural contexts should help us identify the implicit assumptions borrowed from the prevalent Weltanschauung used by the theorists as axioms on which to base their conceptual superstructure. We should also be able to identify the values borrowed from the cultural milieu that determine the goals which the psychologists strive to attain. We can expect to find a common ground for the convergence of psychological theories to the extent to which they are based upon similar axiomatic assumptions. Thus, while similarity in assumptions and values would suggest the possibility of convergence or integration, their divergence would mark the limits beyond which common ground may not extend.
KeywordsCommon Ground Ideal Human Condition Human Condition Psychological Theory Western Philosophy
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- 8.W. D. Ross (Ed.) The Works of Aristotle. Vol. 3, Ch. 2, 460 b, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1931.Google Scholar