Some Research Needs to Support Mutagenicity Risk Assessments from Whole Mammal Studies

  • Ernest R. Jackson
  • John R. FowleIII
  • Peter E. Voytek
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 28)

Abstract

The primary goal of regulatory agencies concerned with human health is to ensure that exposure to chemical substances does not present unreasonable risks. This involves assessing the potential of chemical substances to cause toxic effects and weighing these effects against cost and benefit considerations. If the toxicity and exposure data allow, attempts are made to estimate health damage to the human population. For most environmental chemicals, human data are unavailable. On those occasions when chemical exposure can be associated with a toxicological response in humans, many people have already been exposed and irreparable damage may have occurred. Examples of such events include the kepone incident, neurological disorders; the dibromochloropropane incident, sterility; and the vinyl chloride incident, liver angiosarcomas. Therefore, it is imperative that animal toxicity studies be conducted to assess the likely human health risk before such effects are observed.

Keywords

Toxicity Ethyl Germinal Vinyl Cataract 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernest R. Jackson
    • 1
  • John R. FowleIII
    • 1
  • Peter E. Voytek
    • 1
  1. 1.Reproductive Effects Assessment Group, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment (RD-689)U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyUSA

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