• Vaclav Smil
Part of the Modern Perspectives in Energy book series (IASS)


The rise of human civilizations, impossible without an accumulation of farming surpluses, is no less conceivable without exploitation of forests. Forests everywhere have always meant food and fuel and refuge and a prime building material, more recently the source of paper to spread the message of the industrial revolution and to provide wood for countless uses essential for the everyday functioning of modern society, from furniture to railway ties, from chemicals to mine-pit props.


Boreal Forest Rich Country Tropical Rain Forest Open Fire Closed Forest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vaclav Smil
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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