Do Changes in Women’s Rights Change Women’s Moral Judgments?

  • Carol Gilligan

Abstract

The century marked by the Radcliffe centennial is spanned roughly by the publication of two novels, both written by women and posing the same moral dilemma: a heroine in love with her cousin Lucy’s man. In their parallel triangles, these novels provide a historical frame in which to consider current research on women’s moral judgments and offer a way of addressing the centennial question as to what has changed and what has stayed the same.

Keywords

Corn Assure Paral Defend Heroine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Belenky, M. Conflict and development: A longitudinal study of the impact of abortion decisions on moral judgments of adolescent and adult women (Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, 1978).Google Scholar
  2. Block, J. H. Sex differences in cognitive functioning, personality characteristics and socialization experiences: Implications for educational policy. Unpublished report prepared for the Presidents of Smith, Wellesley, and Mount Holyoke Colleges, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. Chodorow, N. Family structure and feminine personality. In M. Rosaldo & L. Lamphere (Eds.), Women, culture and society. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  4. Drabble, M. The waterfall. Hammondsworth, England: Penguin Books, 1969.Google Scholar
  5. Eliot, G. The mill on the floss. New York: New American Library, 1965. (Originally published, 1860).Google Scholar
  6. Freud, S. Some psychical consequences of the anatomical distinction between the sexes. In J. Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 19). London: Hogarth Press, 1961. (Originally published, 1925).Google Scholar
  7. Gilligan, C. In a different voice: Women’s conceptions of self and morality. Harvard Educational Review, 1977, 47, 481–518.Google Scholar
  8. Gilligan, C. In a different voice: Psychological theory and women’s development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  9. Gilligan, C. & Belenky, M. A naturalistic study of abortion decisions. In R. Selman & R. Yando (Eds.), Clinical-developmental psychology. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1980.Google Scholar
  10. Gilligan, C., Langdale, S., Lyons, N., and Murphy, M. The contribution of women’s thought to developmental theory: The elimination of sex-bias in moral development research and education. Final Report to the National Institute of Education, 1982.Google Scholar
  11. Gilligan, C. & Murphy, J. M. Development from adolescence to adulthood: The philosopher and the “dilemma of the fact.” In D. Kuhn (Ed.), Intellectual development beyond childhood. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1979.Google Scholar
  12. Guttman, D. Women and the conception of ego strength. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 1965, 11, 240.Google Scholar
  13. Kohlberg, L. & Kramer, R. Continuities and discontinuities in childhood and adult moral development. Human Development, 1969, 12, 93–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McCarthy, M. Memories of a Catholic girlhood. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1946.Google Scholar
  15. McClelland, D. Power: The inner experience. New York: Irvington, 1975.Google Scholar
  16. Miller, J. B. Toward a new psychology of women. Boston: Beacon Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  17. Murphy, J. M., & Gilligan, C. Moral development in late adolescence and adulthood: A critique and reconstruction of Kohlberg’s theory. Human Development, 1980, 23, 77–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Piaget, J. The moral judgment of the child. New York: The Free Press, 1965. (Originally published, 1932).Google Scholar
  19. Witkin, H. Socialization, culture and ecology in the development of group and sex differences in cognitive style. Human Development, 1979, 22, 358–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Gilligan
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations