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Classical Foundations

  • Joel S. Demski

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to review several important ideas in economics. The firm operates in and is disciplined by markets, so we begin with the economist’s notions of a market and market value. Present value of a stream of future cash flows is interpreted as a market value in this context. Next we review the economist’s portrayal of a firm as an institution that straddles factor and output markets. In this view, the firm uses market prices and its production function to decide what to produce and sell, and how to produce what it has chosen to produce. This characterization allows us to identify the firm’s cost curve and to represent its output decision using the familiar (and dreaded) marginal revenue equals marginal cost calculation. We then extend this review to encompass firms that operate in imperfect markets and multiproduct firms.

Keywords

Cash Flow Output Level Average Cost Output Market Cost Curve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joel S. Demski
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Organization and ManagementYale UniversityUSA

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