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Maternity Care and Perinatal Mortality in Indonesia

  • R. P. Bernard
  • S. Sastrawinata

Abstract

Pregnant women and neonates remain the most vulnerable group in any population and many risk factors during pregnancy affect the birth outcome. Crowded and unhygienic living conditions and lack of access to primary maternal care are risk factors known to influence pregnancy outcome. Since formal education and literacy are linked with these conditions, a statistical analysis is mandatory. Furthermore the provision of prenatal care is a direct short-term health intervention requiring quantitative assessment with pregnancy outcome. Since education and prenatal care often exists together, both variables need adequate epidemiologic control when assessing pregnancy outcome. Sufficient prenatal care for low education women (LED) might lead to a more favorable pregnancy outcome than insufficient prenatal care for high education women (HED). If this hypothesis can be substantiated with adequately collected epidemiologic dataf the implication would be commanding. High priority deployment of maternity care programs independent of the development of the educational system would be highly desirable.

Keywords

Prenatal Care Birth Outcome Maternity CARE Neonatal Death Severe Anemia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    FIGO News (1980): Int J Gyn Obstet, 15: 476–477.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bernard RP, Sulaiman S, Agoestina T, Kendall EM (1980) Maternity care monitoring (MCM) in Indonesia: early findings and implications for the 1980s. Indonesian J Obstet Gyn, 6: 191–290.Google Scholar
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    Ariawan S, Hanafiah MJ, Kendall EM, Kessel E, Bernard RP (1980): Social and biological aspects of stillbirth: and Indonesian study of residence and referral. In: Proceedings, Third International Seminar on Maternal and Perinatal Mortality, New Delhi, India. FOGSI/AIIMS, Bombay and Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
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    Bernard RP, Kendall EM, Manton KG (1980): International maternity care monitoring (MCM-3). A beginning. In: Clinical Perinatology, A. Aladjem, A. Brown, C. Sureau, (Editors), C. V. Mosby Co., St Louis, Chapter 23: 521–559.Google Scholar
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    Bernard RP, de Watteville H, Kessel E, Ravenholt RT, Kendall EM (1979): International maternity care monitoring (MCM-2): Results of a pretest. Int J Gyn Obstet, 17: 24–39.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. P. Bernard
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Sastrawinata
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.International Federation for Family Health (IFFH)GenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Coordinating Board of Indonesian Fertility Research (BKS PENFIN)BandungIndonesia

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