Synergism between Malnutrition and Infection in Infants
In developing countries, malnutrition and infections are the most important causes of infant mortality and morbidity. Although there are separate incidence and prevalence rates for the two groups of diseases, it should be recognized that there is a synergism between both (1). Nearly all infections have detectable adverse effects of the nutritional status of infants, and malnutrition increases the severity of infection. Public health programs should be concerned with this synergism to break the vicious interaction between infection and malnutrition. The emphasis of this review is the mechanism of synergism which will in turn dictate the nature of the public health programs designed to reduce infant and neonatal mortality and morbidity.
KeywordsComplement System Public Health Program Humoral Immune System Malnourished Child Megaloblastic Anemia
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