The Interaction of Hormones, Behavior, and Social Context in Nonhuman Primates

  • Irwin S. Bernstein
  • Thomas P. Gordon
  • Robert M. Rose


Hormones are often regarded as one independent variable responsible for the behavior (the dependent variable) of an individual. Hormones are seen as the physiological mechanism underlying behavior and are treated as a “cause” of certain behavioral patterns—“behavioral patterns,” because hormonal levels are not viewed as stimuli that release specific fixed action patterns but as the regulators of motivational states that increase or decrease the probabilities of specific classes of response to environmental stimuli.


Breeding Season Rhesus Monkey Testosterone Level Androgen Level Social Defeat 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irwin S. Bernstein
    • 1
    • 2
  • Thomas P. Gordon
    • 2
  • Robert M. Rose
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  2. 2.Yerkes Regional Primate Research CenterEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.University of Texas Medical School Branch at GalvestonGalvestonUSA

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