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The Quantitative Analysis of Micellar Effects on Chemical Reactivity and Equilibria: An Evolutionary Overview

  • Hernan Chaimovich
  • Regina M. V. Aleixo
  • Iolanda M. Cuccovia
  • Dino Zanette
  • Frank H. Quina

Abstract

The ever-increasing experimental literature of micellar effects on chemical reactions and equilibria has created a growing awareness of the necessity for a unified model which permits quantitative analysis and prediction of these effects. The numerous contributions which have led to our present understanding can be associated with basically three different points of view: (1) simple-pseudo phase partitioning of all species, (2) electrostatic potential models, and (3) ion-exchange models. Although each of these models has been shown to be adequate under certain circumstances, none has yet been shown to be definitive. Thus, simple pseudophase-partitioning, while serving to describe a large range of experimental phenomena, frequently requires additional empirical variation of the partitioning coefficients with changing conditions. The electrostatic potential models include terms which are frequently difficult to relate to readily accesible experimental parameters, except under very well defined conditions. The fact that such different models do describe many facets of micellar modified reactions has led to the development of ion-exchange formalisms which attempt to incorporate the cogent features of all models within a single conceptual framework.

Keywords

Chemical Reactivity Micellar Solution Selectivity Coefficient Stern Layer Unimolecular Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hernan Chaimovich
    • 1
  • Regina M. V. Aleixo
    • 1
  • Iolanda M. Cuccovia
    • 1
  • Dino Zanette
    • 1
  • Frank H. Quina
    • 1
  1. 1.Group for Interfacial Studies (GIST) Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade de São PauloBrasil

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