Universality of Critical Phenomena in Classical Fluids

  • J. V. Sengers


To characterize the asymptotic behavior of the physical properties of systems near a critical point, critical-point phase transitions are grouped into universality classes as first suggested by Kadanoff (1971). Systems with critical-point phase transitions assigned to the same universality class have identical critical exponents and identical scaling functions. Universality classes are distinguished by such general features as the dimensionality of the system, the number of components of the order parameter and whether the intermolecular forces are short- or long-range. Universality classes can be further distinguished with respect to the critical behavior of static and dynamic properties.


Critical Temperature Ising Model Critical Exponent Amplitude Ratio Critical Phenomenon 
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© Plenum Press, New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. V. Sengers
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Physical Science and TechnologyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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