Components of environment: more about the ecological web

  • H. G. Andrewartha


In chapters 3–7 it was appropriate to mention a number of interactions which, although they did not involve the animal directly, nevertheless influenced its chance to survive and reproduce through their influence on the activity of a component of environment. Because their influence is indirect, these interactions were considered to be taking place in the outer reaches of the ecological web. In this chapter I develop this idea a little further.


Europe Respiration Sewage Gravel 


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Copyright information

© H. G. Andrewartha 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. G. Andrewartha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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