Migration and Dispersal of Shorebirds as a Survival Strategy

  • P. R. Evans
Part of the Marine Science book series (MR, volume 15)


The life-history strategy adopted by individuals of all wader (Charadrii) species, to maximise their lifetime reproductive outputs, is that of repeated reproductive attempts, each involving relatively small parental investments. In the non-breeding season, they usually migrate away from their breeding areas, sometimes over distances of more than 10,000 km. Different individuals of the same species may migrate to different destinations.


Breeding Area Macoma Balthica Annual Survival Rate Humber Estuary Lifetime Reproductive Output 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. R. Evans
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of DurhamDurhamUK

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