Macrobenthos of Fjords

  • T. H. Pearson
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 4)


The historical development of studies on macrobenthic community ecology has been closely related to surveys of fjordic populations stemming from the classical work of Petersen and his successors in Danish areas. This relationship is not fortuitous since fjordic populations are rich, accessible and economically important as the basis of extensive inshore fisheries. Thus the original surveys of Petersen and Boysen Jensen (1911) of the Limfjord constitute not only the first truly quantitive surveys of benthic macrobiology but provided the initial information on which Petersen was to base his concept of benthic animal communities, a concept which was to provide the stimulus and framework for fifty years of development in marine benthic ecology. The original surveys in the shallow and highly productive Limfjord complex were complemented by extensive surveys in the Kattegat and Belt areas and by a survey of the Christianafjord (Oslofjord) (Petersen, 1913, 1915 a b, 1918) which was to provide the first quantitative analysis of macrofaunal distributions throughout a deep fjordic basin. Thus studies carried out in both shallow and deep fjordic basins played a formative part in the development of Petersen’s ideas on benthic ecology. . The environmental contrast between the Limfjord and the Oslofjord is large but, for the purposes of the following review and discussion, both are considered to be fjords in more than their common nordic nomenclature.


Bottom Water Benthic Community Carbon Input Bottom Fauna Benthic Macrofauna 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. H. Pearson
    • 1
  1. 1.Scottish Marine Biological AssociationOban, ArgyllScotland

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