The Simulation of Human Fertility
Within the past ten years, computer simulation has become a common tool in anthropology, genetics, and demography. The kinds of problems for which simulation is most useful involve studies of the effects of interaction of two or more population processes on the growth, structure and evolution of populations. For example, an anthropologist might model the joint effects of mating rules and migration patterns on the size and geographical distribution of a population; a geneticist might be interested in the combined effects of genetically determined, age-specific differential fertility and mortality on the maintenance of a polymorphism; and a demographer might wish to investigate models in which population growth depends upon fertility and mortality characteristics of both males and females.
KeywordsFetal Loss Reproductive History Micro Model Model Life Table Offspring Number
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