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The Acidic Precipitation Phenomenon. A Study of this Phenomenon and of a Relationship between the Acid Content of Precipitation and the Emission of Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxides in the Netherlands

  • Arend J. Vermeulen
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH)

Abstract

The Netherlands is a nation which is highly industrialized and densely populated. Along with other European countries noting the increase in acidity of the precipitation, The Netherlands became part of the extensive European network of atmospheric measuring stations which are coordinated by the International Meteorological Institute (IMI) in Stockholm. Three stations are part of this network, and in addition the province of North Holland has installed 22 sampling stations. The extensive information available over a period of years has made possible the correlation between the acidification of precipitation and the acidic gas content of the atmosphere. A pronounced relationship between the total interior emission of SO2 and the acidification was found, but no such relationship could be shown for the nitrogen oxides. Factors which have an influence such as the wind direction and the dust content have been investigated.

The total acidity in the years around 1966 was the highest in the world for this country. Increased energy requirements combined with a change from pit coal to oil resulted in the increased sulfur dioxide emissions. The reduction after 1967 was then credited to a large conversion to gas when the largest coherent natural gas field in the world was found in the province of Groningen. Because of a prior commitment for the exportation of much of this gas, the domestic use will be reduced until the year 2000. In the meantime a reconversion to oil and coal will be necessary to satisfy the energy requirements, and the SO2 emissions accompanied by increased acid deposition are expected to rise.

Keywords

Sampling Location Sulfur Dioxide Nitrogen Oxide Yearly Basis Rain Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arend J. Vermeulen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ControlThe Netherlands

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