The Growth and Scope of Partial Hospitalization

  • Raymond F. Luber
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


With the initial wave of expansion in the partial hospitalization movement, which began about 1963, a concurrent mood of expectation and optimism emanated from the proponents of this “new” treatment modality. This optimism, at times reaching near-grandiose proportions, was reflected by Barnes (1964), who stated:

The psychiatry of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was built around the large state hospital. After World War II emphasis began to pass to the “mental hygiene clinic” and the psychiatrist’s office. The mid and late 60s will see the central position shifting to the day hospital and fewer and fewer cases of psychosis and severe neurosis will require residential hospitalization.... Thus, the “New Psychiatry” of the 60s will rest firmly on the day hospital, (p. x)


Inpatient Service Community Mental Health Center Chronic Patient Veteran Administration Hospital Mental Health Facility 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Astrachan, B. M., Flynn, H. R., Geller, J. D., & Harvey, H. Systems approach to day hospitalization. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1970, 22, 550–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Axel, M. Treatment of schizophrenia in a day hospital. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 1959, 5, 174–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barnes, R. Foreword. In R. Epps & L. D. Hanes (Eds.), Day care of psychiatric patients. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C Thomas, 1964.Google Scholar
  4. Beigel, A., & Feder, S. L. Patterns of utilization in partial hospitalization. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1970, 126, 1267–1274.Google Scholar
  5. Bierer, J. The day hospital: An experiment in social psychiatry and syntho-analytic psychotherapy. London: Washburn & Sons, 1951.Google Scholar
  6. Bierer, J. The day hospital: Therapy in a guided democracy. Mental Hospitals, 1962, 13, 246–252.Google Scholar
  7. Cameron, D. E. The day hospital. Modern Hospital, 1947, 69, 60–62.Google Scholar
  8. Carney, M., Ferguson, R., & Sheffield, B. Psychiatric day hospital. Lancet, 1970, 1, 1218–1220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen, R., Healey, J., & Williams, H. Partial hospitalization: Problems, purposes and changing objectives. Topeka: R. R. Sanders, 1969.Google Scholar
  10. Conwell, M., Rosen, B., Hench, C., & Bohn, A. The first national survey of psychiatric day-night services. In R. Epps & L. Hanes (Eds.), Day care of psychiatric patients. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C Thomas, 1964.Google Scholar
  11. Dzhagarov, M. Experience in organizing a day hospital for mental patients. Nuropathologia i psikhiatria (Neuropathology and Psychiatry), 1937, 6, 137–147.Google Scholar
  12. Farndale, J. The day hospital movement in Great Britain. New York: Pergamon Press, 1961.Google Scholar
  13. Freeman, A. M. Day hospitals for severely disturbed schizophrenic children. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1959, 115, 893–898.Google Scholar
  14. Freeman, P. Treatment of chronic schizophrenia in a day center. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1962, 7, 259–265.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Garner, H. Hospitalization: A desirable procedure for mental illness. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 1968, 9, 465–473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Glaser, F. The uses of the day program. In H. Barten & L. Bellak (Eds.), Progress in community mental health (Vol. 2). New York: Grune & Stratton, 1972.Google Scholar
  17. Glasscote, R., Kraft, A. M., Glassman, S., & Jepson, W. Partial hospitalization for the mentally ill: A study of programs and problems. Washington, D.C.: The joint Information Service of the American Psychiatric Association and the National Association for Mental Health, 1969.Google Scholar
  18. Gootnick, I. The psychiatric day center in the treatment of the chronic schizophrenic. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1971, 128, 485–488.Google Scholar
  19. Goshen, C. The day hospital of the Robbins Institute. Psychotherapy, 1956m 1, 272–288.Google Scholar
  20. Guy, W., Gross, G. M., Hogarty, G. E., & Dennis, H. A controlled evaluation of day hospital effectiveness. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1969, 20, 329–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harrington, J., & Mayer-Gross, W. A day hospital for neurotics in an industrial community. Journal of Mental Science, 1959, 105, 224–234.Google Scholar
  22. Herson, M., & Luber, R. F. The use of group psychotherapy in a partial hospitalization service: The remediation of basic skill deficits. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 1977, 27, 361–376.Google Scholar
  23. Herz, M. I., Endicott, J., Spitzer, R. L., & Mesnikoff, A. Day versus inpatient hospitalization: A controlled study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1971, 10, 1371–1382.Google Scholar
  24. Hogarty, G. E. The plight of schizophrenics in modern treatment programs. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 1971, 22, 197–203.Google Scholar
  25. Kris, E. Intensive short-term therapy in a day facility for control of recurrent psychotic symptoms. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1959, 115, 1027–1028.Google Scholar
  26. Kris, E. Intensive short-term therapy in a day facility for the prevention of rehospitalization of patients in hte community showing recurrence of psychotic symptoms. Psychiatric Quarterly, 1960, 34, 83–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lamb, H. R. Chronic psychiatric patients in the day hospital. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1967, 17, 615–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lamb, H. R. Training long-term schizophrenic patients in the community. In L. Bellak & H. Barten (Eds.), Progress in community mental health (Vol. 3 ). New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1975.Google Scholar
  29. Luber, R. F., & Hersen, M. A systematic behavioral approach to partial hospitalization programming: Implications and applications. Corrective and Social Psychiatry and Journal of Behavior Technology, Methods and Therapy, 1976, 22, 33–37.Google Scholar
  30. McNabola, M. Partial hospitalization: A national overview. Journal of the National Association of Private Psychiatric Hospitals, 1975, 7, 10–16.Google Scholar
  31. Moll, A. Psychiatric night treatment unit in a general hospital. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1957, 113, 722–727.Google Scholar
  32. Proceedings of the 1958 day hospital conference. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 1958.Google Scholar
  33. Quesnell, J., & Martin, C. A day hospital in a military psychiatric facility. Corrective Psychiatry, 1971, 17, 5–16.Google Scholar
  34. Silverman, W., & Val, E. Day hospital in the context of a community mental health program. Community Mental Health Journal, 1975, 11, 82–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Steinman, L., & Hunt, R. A day care center in a state hospital. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1961, 117, 1109–1112.Google Scholar
  36. Taube, C. A. Day care services in federally funded community mental health centers. Statistical Note no. 96, Survey and Reports Section, Biometry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, Maryland, October 1973.Google Scholar
  37. Taube, C. A., & Redick, R. Provisional data on patient care episodes in mental health facilities. Statistical Note no. 127, Survey and Reports Branch, Division of Biometry and Epidemiology, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, Maryland, February 1976.Google Scholar
  38. Weinstein, G. Pilot programs in day care. Mental Hospitals, 1960, 11, 9–11.Google Scholar
  39. Westlake, R., Levitz, L., & Stunkard, A. A day hospital program for treating obesity. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 1974, 29, 609–611.Google Scholar
  40. Wilder, J. F., Levin, G., & Zwerling, I. A two-year followup evaluation of acute psychiatric patients treated in a day hospital. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1966, 122, 1095–1101.Google Scholar
  41. Williams, J. Use of day treatment center concepts with state hospital inpatients. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1969, 39, 748–752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zwerling, I. The psychiatric day hospital. In S. Arientie (Ed.), Handbook of Psychiatry (Vol. 3). New York: Basic Books, 1966.Google Scholar
  43. Zwerling, I., & Mendelsohn, M. Initial family reaction to day hospitalization. Family Process, 1965, 4, 50–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zwerling, I., & Wilder, J. F. Day hospital treatment for acute psychotic patients. In J. Masserman (Ed.), Current psychiatric therapies. New York: Grune & Stratton, 1962.Google Scholar
  45. Zwerling, I., & Wilder, J. F. An evaluation of the applicability of the day hospital in the treatment of acutely disturbed patients. Israel Annals of Psychiatry and Related Professions, 1964, 2, 162–185.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond F. Luber
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations