Description of Problems

  • Mardi J. Horowitz
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)


Step 1: Problem list. Separate the complaints made initially by the patient from additional problems that are reported subsequently. Also include statement of difficulties the observer can recognize but the patient does not complain of directly, either because of avoidance or lack of knowledge and self-observation. Try to list, as well, the state of these problems after the conclusion of therapy. A descriptive (signs and symptoms) diagnostic formulation may be made here or in the next step.


Symptom Checklist Problem List Psychiatric Rate Scale Psychotherapy Research Goal Attainment Scaling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Mardi J. Horowitz, M.D. 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mardi J. Horowitz
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California School of MedicineSan FranciscoUSA

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