The Exercise of Negotiator and Mediator Discretion
This book began with a description of the problems generated by the bureaucratic and adversarial processes now used to review proposed development projects. Even when a project produces net benefits, a local community will often bear costs that outweigh its share of total benefits (O’Hare, 1977). When communities and individuals express opposition through administrative and judicial challenges, their actions can block needed and beneficial projects. Often opponents of a project challenge the adequacy of an environmental impact statement (Bardach and Pugliaresi, 1977; Frieden, 1979) and demand a fuller consideration of alternative sites.
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