Hydrothermal Stability of Titanium/Epoxy Adhesive Joints

  • F. J. Boerio
  • R. G. Dillingham

Abstract

γ-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane (γ-APS) was shown to be an extremely effective primer for improving the hydrothermal stability of titanium/epoxy adhesive joints when applied to the adherends by adsorption from dilute aqueous solutions prior to adhesive bonding. The breaking strength of lap joints prepared from unprimed adherends decreased slowly during immersion in water at 60°C and was only about 960 psi after 60 days. The breaking strength of joints prepared from adherends primed with γ-APS at pH 10.4 and 8.0 decreased very little during similar hydrothermal aging and was about 1750 psi after 60 days. Joints prepared from adherends primed with γ-APS at pH 5.5 were somewhat less durable and had a breaking strength of about 1180 psi after 60 days in water at 60°C. The performance of γ-APS as a primer was very different for titanium and iron adherends even though the molecular structures of the primer films formed on the two substrates were very similar. As a result, the performance of γ-APS primer films could not be related to the overall molecular structure of the films but was related to acid/base interactions between γ-APS and the oxidized surfaces of titanium and iron.

Keywords

Titanium Peroxide Carbide Silane Bromide 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. C. Locke, K. M. Harriman, and D. B. Arnold, in “Proc. of National SAMPE Symp. and Exhibition,” pp. 1–12, 1980.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. M. Ditchek, K. R. Breen, T. S. Sun, and J. D. Venables in “Proc. of National SAMPE Symp. and Exhibition,” pp. 13–24, 1980.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. W. Erickson and E. P. Plueddemann, in “Composite Materials,” L. J. Broutman and R. H. Krock, Editors, Vol. 6, Ch. 1, Academic Press, New York, 1974.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. J. Boerio and J. W. Williams, Appl. Surf. Sci. 7, 19 (1981).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. J. Boerio and C. A. Gosselin, in “Proc. 36th Ann. Tech. Conf., SPI Reinforced Plastics/Composites Inst., ” Sec. 2G, 1981.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. L. Patrick, J. A. Brown, N. M. Cameron, and W. G. Gehman, Appl. Polymer Symp. 16, 87 (1981).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. E. Schrader and J. A. Cardamone, J. Adhesion 9, 305 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. J. Boerio, C. A. Gosselin, R. G. Dillingham, and H. W. Liu, J. Adhesion 13, 159 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. J. Boerio and C. A. Gosselin, in “Instrumental and Physical Characterization of Macromolecules,” C. D. Craver, Editor, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, in press, 1982.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F. L. McCrackin, E. Passaglia, R. R. Stromberg, and H. L. Steinberg, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stds. 67A, 363 (1963).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. J. Boerio, L. H. Schoenlein, and J. E. Greivenkamp, J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 22, 203 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. J. Boerio, L. Armogan, and S. Y. Cheng, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 73, 416 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Ishida, S. Naviroj, S. K. Tripathy, J. J. Fitzgerald, and J. L. Koenig, J. Polymer Sci. 20, 701 (1982).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    F. J. Boerio, J. W. Williams, and J. M. Burkstrand,. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 91, 485 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Thibault, Thin Solid Films 35, L33 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    F. J. Boerio and J. W. Williams, to be published.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. C. Bolger in “ Adhesion Aspects of Polymeric Coatings,” K. L. Mittal, Editor, pp. 3–18, Plenum Press, New York, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. P. Plueddemann in “Composite Materials,” L. J. Broutman and R. H. Krock, Editors, Vol. 6, Ch. 6, Academic Press, New York, 1974.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Russell, SAMPE Quarterly, p. 8, July, 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. Boerio
    • 1
  • R. G. Dillingham
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical EngineeringUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

Personalised recommendations