The Lobula-Complex of the Fly: Structure, Function and Significance in Visual Behaviour

  • Klaus Hausen
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 74)


The lobula-complex of flies consists of the highest order visual neuropils of the optic lobe, the lobula plate and the lobula. Anatomical and electrophysiological investigations of the lobula plate have revealed that it contains a system of large directionally selective motion sensitive interneurons. The structure, response characteristics and synaptic interactions of these interneurons are described. There is strong evidence that the lobula plate is the main motion computation centre of the optic lobe controlling the optomotor responses of the fly. Additional functions in the visual fixation and tracking behaviour and in the figure-ground discrimination seem likely. The lobula has so far been studied only anatomically but not physiologically. Rather indirect evidence suggests that it computes visual signals initiating escape behaviour. The existence of male specific interneurons in this neuropil indicates that it is additionally involved in the control of chasing behaviour typical of males.


Receptive Field Horizontal Cell Optic Lobe Thoracic Ganglion Directional Selectivity 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag US 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Hausen
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für biologische KybernetikTübingenFederal Republic of Germany

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