Transition to the Leader’s Role in Small Groups

  • Christel G. Rutte
  • Henk A. M. Wilke
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 23)


If we put a number of strangers together in a room and provide them with a task that requires them to cooperate, it often happens that the social interaction among these strangers becomes patterned and a leadership structure emerges (Burke, 1972).


Role Transition Social Dilemma Common Resource Target Person Antecedent Condition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adams, J.S. Inequity in social exchange. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.),Advances in experimental social psychology(Vol. 2 ). New York: Academic Press, 1965. Pp. 267 – 299.Google Scholar
  2. Austin, W . Equity theory and social comparison processes. In J.M. Suls & R.L. Miller (Eds.),Social comparison processes. Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere, 1977. Pp. 279–305.Google Scholar
  3. Bales, R.F., & Slater, P.E. Role differentiation in small decision-making groups. In T. Parsons & R.F. Bales (Eds.),Family, socialization and interaction process. Glencoe, 111.: Free Press, 1955. Pp. 259 – 306.Google Scholar
  4. Burke, P.J. Leadership role differentiation. In C.G. McClintock (Ed.),Experimental social psychology. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1972. Pp. 514 – 546.Google Scholar
  5. Burr, W.R. Role transitions: A reformulation of theory.Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1972,34, 407 – 416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crockett, W.H. Emergent leadership in small, decision-making groups.Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1955, 57, 378 – 383.Google Scholar
  7. Gordon, L.V., & Medland, F.F. Leadership aspiration and leadership ability.Psychological Reports, 1965, 77, 388 – 390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hardin, G.J. The tragedy of the commons.Science, 1968,162, 1243 – 1248.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hobbes, T.Leviathan. London: Dent, 1651.Google Scholar
  10. Hollander, E.P., & Julian, J.W. Contemporary trends in the analysis of leadership processes.Psychological Bulletin, 1969, 77, 387 – 397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Homans, G.C.Social behavior: Its elementary forms. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1974.Google Scholar
  12. Katz, D., & Kahn, R.L.The social psychology of organizations. New York: Wiley, 1966.Google Scholar
  13. Kirscht, J.P., Lodahl, T.M., & Haire, M. Some factors in the selection of leaders by members of small groups.Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1959,58, 406 – 408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Marak, G.E. The evolution of leadership structure.Sociometry, 1964,27, 174 – 182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Messick, D.M., Wilke, H.A.M., Brewer, M.B., Kramer, R.M., Zemke, P.E., & Lui, L. Individual adaptations and structural change as solutions to social dilemmas.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1983,44, 294 – 309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mulder, M.Hetspelom macht. Meppel: Boom, 1972.Google Scholar
  17. Pepinsky, P., Hemphill, J., & Shevitz, R. Attempts to lead, group productivity and morale under conditions of acceptance and rejection.Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1958,57, 47 – 54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Reilly, R.R., & Jaffee, C.L. Influences of some task-irrelevant factors on leader selection.The Psychological Record, 1970,20, 535 – 539.Google Scholar
  19. Ridgeway, C.L. Nonconformity, competence, and influence in groups: A test of two theories.American Sociological Review, 1981, 333 – 347.Google Scholar
  20. Rutte, C.G., & Wilke, H.A.M.Social dilemmas and leadership. Manuscript in preparation, 1983.Google Scholar
  21. Schultz, B. Characteristics of emergent leaders of continuing problem-solving groups.The Journal of Psychology, 1974,88, 167 – 173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Smith, A.An enquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. London: Strahan & Caddell, 1776.Google Scholar
  23. Thibaut, J.W., & Kelley, H.H.The social psychology of groups. New York: Wiley, 1959.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christel G. Rutte
    • 1
  • Henk A. M. Wilke
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of GroningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations