Consumption Patterns for Alcohol during Pregnancy

  • Ernest L. Abel

Abstract

This chapter examines current information about alcohol usage in the United States, although some comparisons will be made with drinking practices in other countries. The main intent of this chapter is to provide a context for evaluating the impact of alcohol on reproduction rather than an analysis of the factors that contribute to drinking. Much of the data and definitions used are based on the Fourth Special Report to the U.S. Congress on Alcohol and Health.1 More complete information concerning the data upon which this report was based can be found in the excellent surveys by Clark and Midanik2 and Malin et al.3

Keywords

Estrogen Progesterone Estradiol Stein Nash 

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Copyright information

© Ernest L. Abel 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernest L. Abel
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute on AlcoholismBuffaloUSA

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