Two-Dimensional Echocardiographic Imaging of the Hypoplastic Right/Left Heart Complexes and the Single Ventricle/Univertricular Heart in Neonates and Infants

  • Fredrick Z. Bierman


The hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a complex combination of anomalies involving the left atrium and ventricle, aortic and mitral valves and ascending aorta [1–3]. Secondary morphologic and hemodynamic abnormalities of systemic venous and right heart obstruction are often observed. Two-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation of the hypoplastic left heart syndrome must discriminate between this lesion and other remedial problems presenting in the first week of life [4].


Tricuspid Valve Ventricular Outflow Tract Main Pulmonary Artery Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome Single Ventricle 
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© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston/Dordrecht/Lancaster 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fredrick Z. Bierman

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