Mechanisms of Impurity Diffusion in Rutile

  • N. L. Peterson
  • J. Sasaki
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 129)


Tracer diffusion of 46Sc, 5lCr, 54Mn, 59Fe, 60Co, 63Ni, and 95Zr, was measured as functions of crystal orientation, temperature, and oxygen partial pressure in rutile single crystals using the radioactive tracer sectioning technique. Compared to cation self-diffusion, divalent impurities (e.g., Co and Ni) diffuse extremely rapidly in TiO2 and exhibit a large anisotropy in the diffusion behavior; divalent-impurity diffusion parallel to the c-axis is much larger than it is perpendicular to the c-axis. The diffusion of trivalent impurity ions (Sc and Cr) and tetravalent impurity ions (Zr) is similar to cation self-diffusion, as a function of temperature and of oxygen partial pressure. The divalent impurity ions Co and Ni apparently diffuse as interstitial ions along open channels parallel to the c-axis. The results suggest that Sc, Cr, and Zr ions diffuse by an interstitialcy mechanism involving the simultaneous and cooperative migration of tetravalent interstitial titanium ions and the tracer-impurity ions. Iron ions diffused both as divalent and as trivalent ions.


Oxygen Partial Pressure Open Channel Tracer Diffusion Impurity Diffusion Large Anisotropy 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. L. Peterson
    • 1
  • J. Sasaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Science and Technology DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA

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