Advertisement

Organic Mental Disorders

General Psychopathology
  • Z. J. Lipowski

Abstract

The current official classification of mental disorders adopted by the American Psychiatric Association in 1980, or DSM-III,1 distinguishes between organic mental disorders (OMD) and organic brain syndromes (OBS). The former term is used to designate a particular OBS whose etiology is known, for example, barbiturate withdrawal delirium or alcohol hallucinosis. “Organic brain syndrome” refers to a set of descriptive characteristics, or psychopathological symptoms and signs, without reference to etiology. This distinction implies that each OBS may be a manifestation of more than one possible etiological factor. If such a factor has been identified in a given case of an OBS, then the term “organic mental disorder” may be used.

Keywords

Brain Damage Cerebral Disease Organic Brain Syndrome Organic Mental Disorder Clinical Clue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed 3.DSM III. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1980.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lipowski ZJ: Organic mental disorders: Introduction and review of syndromes, in Kaplan HI, Freedman AM, Sadock BJ (eds):Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 3. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1980, pp 1359–1391.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lipowski ZJ: Organic brain syndromes: A reformulation.Compr Psychiatry19: 309–322, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lipowski ZJ: Organic brain syndromes: New classification, concepts and prospects.Can J Psychiatry29: 198–204, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Editorial: Dementia: The quiet epidemic.Br Med J1: 1–2, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Siegel JS:Demographic Aspects of Aging and the Older Population in the United States. Special Studies Series P-23, Number 59. Washington, DC, US Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, May 1976.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lezak MD: Subtle sequelae of brain damage.Am J Phys Med57: 9–15, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chapman, LF, Wolff HG: Diseases of the neopallium.Med Clin North Am42: 677–689, 1958.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Luria AR:The Working Brain, London, Penguin Books, 1973.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lipowski ZJ:Delirium: Acute Brain Failure in Man. Springfield, 111, Charles C Thomas, 1980.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Goldstein K:Aftereffects of Brain Injuries in War. New York, Grune & Stratton, 1942.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rice E: Organic brain syndromes and suicide.Int J Psychoanal Psychother2:338–363, 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. J. Lipowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Clarke Institute of PsychiatryTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations