• Fumio Matsumura


Toxicology is one of the oldest branches of pharmacology. Traditionally, it has been thought of as the science of poisons affecting human lives and, therefore, as a branch of medical science. DuBois and Geiling (1959) provided the following definition: “Toxicology is that branch of medical science that deals with the nature, properties, effects, and the detection of poisons. It is, therefore, the science of poisons.” In this definition are included studies on the metabolism and excretion of poisons, on the action of poisons, and on the treatment of poisoning as well as systematic chemical and physical analyses and diagnoses (Stewart and Stolman, 1960).


Integrate Pest Management Pest Population Environmental Toxicology Economic Threshold Integrate Pest Management Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bevenue, A., and Y. Kawano (1971). Residue Rev. 35:103.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bottrell, D. G., and R. F. Smith (1982). Environ. Sci. Technol. 1982:282A.Google Scholar
  3. Croft, B. A., and S. C. Hoyt (1978). Environ. Entomol. 7:267.Google Scholar
  4. DuBois, K. P., and E. M. K. Geiling (1959). Textbook of Toxicology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 302 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Federal Register (1971). 36:229 (November).Google Scholar
  6. Flint, M. L., and R. van den Bosch (1981). Introduction to Integrated Pest Management, Plenum Press, New York, 240 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Headley, J. C. (1971). Pest Control Strategies for the Future. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., p. 100.Google Scholar
  8. Johnson, D. W., and S. Lew (1970). Pestic. Monitoring J.4:57.Google Scholar
  9. Kearney, P. C., J. R. Plimmer, and C. S. Helling (1969). Encycl. Chem. Technol.18:515.Google Scholar
  10. Matsumura, F., G. M. Boush, and T. Misato, eds. (19723). Environmental Toxicology of Pesticides. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Metcalf, R. L. (1965). In Research on Pesticides. C. O. Chicester, ed. Academic Press, New York, p. 17.Google Scholar
  12. Metcalf, R. L. (1980). Annul Rev. Entomol.25:219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mitchell, L. E. (1966). In Organic Pesticides in the Enviromnent. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., p. 1.Google Scholar
  14. Mrak, E., Chairman (1969). Report of the Secretary’s Commission on Pesticides and Their Relationship to Environmental Health. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, National Research Council 1956 Food Production Committee “Safe Use of Pesticides in Food Production,” National Academy of Science, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  15. Radeleff, R. D. (1964). Veterinary Toxicology. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, p. 314.Google Scholar
  16. Sittig, M. (1971). Agricultural Chemicals Manufacture. Noyes Data Corp., Park Ridge, N.J., 264 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Stewart, C. P., and A. Stolman, eds. (1960). Toxicology:Mechanisms and Analytical Methods. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  18. USDA (1971). The Pesticide Review, 1970. Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  19. USDA (1980). The Pesticide Review, 1978. Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  20. Westlake, W. E., and F. A. Gunther (1966). In Organic Pesticides in the Environment. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., p. 110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumio Matsumura
    • 1
  1. 1.Pesticide Research CenterMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations