Advertisement

Proteinuria pp 127-132 | Cite as

Proteinuria as Seen by the Urologist

  • Ciril J. Godec

Abstract

The urologist often sees patients with proteinuria. Although these patients usually seek the advice of a nephrologist, some of them will have urological disease and require a urological diagnostic work-up. Proteinuria is a symptom and almost never a disease in itself. In most cases, proteinuria is a harbinger of a benign renal pathological process. However, in some cases, it can represent the very first clinical symptom of urological malignancy. Therefore, the urologist must evaluate the patient to determine if there is urological pathology causing the proteinuria.

Keywords

Nephrotic Syndrome Renal Vein Renal Artery Stenosis Left Renal Vein Constrictive Pericarditis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wegner GP, Crummy AB, Flaherty TT, et al: Renal vein thrombosis: A roentgenographs diagnosis. Jama 209:1661 1969PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Harris JD, Ehrenfeld, Wylie E: Experimental renal vein thrombosis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 126:555 1968PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shapiro AP, McDonald RH, Sheib E: Renal artery stenosis and hypertension. Am J Cardiol 37:1035 1976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Addis T, Barret E, Boyd RJ, et al: Renin proteinuria in the rat: 1) The relation between the proteinuria and the pressor effect of renin. J Exp Med 89:131 1949PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kumar A, Shapiro AP: Proteinuria and nephrotic syndrome induced by renin in patients with renal artery stenosis. Arch Intern Med 140:1631 1980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mott KE, Dixon H: Relation between the intensity of Schistosoma haematobium infection and clinical hematuria and proteinuria. Lancet 1:1005 1983PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Laauso M, Pentiuainen PJ, Lampainen E, et al: Trauma, renal vein thrombosis and subsequent nephrotic syndrome. Ann Clin Res 14:140 1982Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brenner BN, Rector FC, (eds): The Kidney Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1976, p 894Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Loughridge LW, Lewis MG: Nephrotic syndrome in malignant disease of non-renal origin. Lancet 1:256 1971PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Baum NH, Mobley DF, Carlton CE Jr.: Renal vein thrombosis in renal cell carcinoma. Proteinuria as a diagnostic sign. Urology 16:131 1982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Harvey NA: A clinical and pathological study with special reference to the “hypernephrotic” tumors. J Urol 57:669 1947PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hemmigsen L, Skaarup P: Urinary excretion of ten plasma proteins in patients with extrarenal epithelial carcinoma. Acta Chir Scand 143:177 1977Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Johansson B, Kistner S: Proteinuria in patients with uroepithelial tumors with special regards to tumors size, clinical staging and grade of malignancy. Scand J Urol Nephrol 9:45 1975PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Catalona WJ: Commentary on the immuno-biology of bladder cancer. J Urol 118: 2 1977PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jones LW, Levin A, Fudenberg HH: Glomeral antigen complexes associated with tran¬sitional cell carcinoma. Surg Gynecol Obstet 140:896 1975PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hemmingsen L, Rasmussen F, Skaarup P, et al: Urinary protein profiles in patients with urothelial bladder tumors. Br J Urol 53:324 1981PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu H, Glasman MRG, Robinson B, et al: Changes in the urine protein profile following intravesical doxorubicin. J Urol 128:272 1982Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lee JC, Yamauchi H, Hopper J: The association of cancer and nephrotic syndrome. Ann Intern Med 64:41 1966PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ghosh L, Muehrcue RC: The nephrotic syndrome: A prodrome to lymphoma. Ann Intern Med 72:379 1970PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hyman LR, Burckholder PM, Joo PA, et al: Malignant lymphoma and nephrotic syndrome. J Pediatr 82:207 1973PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sherman RL, Susin M, Weusler ME, et al: Lipoid nephrosis in Hodgkin′s disease. Am J Med 52:699 1972PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cantrell EG: Nephrotic syndrome caused by removal of gastric carcinoma. Br J Med 2:739 1969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hopper J. Jr.: Tumor related renal lesions. Ann Intern Med 81:550 1974PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Castleman B: Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 29-1963. N Engl J Med 268:943 1963CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ciril J. Godec
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyThe Long Island College HospitalBrooklynUSA

Personalised recommendations